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Title: Expression of 2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase in the amoeboid microglial cells in the developing rat brain
Authors: Wu, C.Y.
Cao, Q.
Guo, C.H.
Gao, Q. 
Ling, E.-A. 
Lu, J.
Keywords: amoeboid microglial cells
Issue Date: 2006
Source: Wu, C.Y.,Cao, Q.,Guo, C.H.,Gao, Q.,Ling, E.-A.,Lu, J. (2006). Expression of 2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase in the amoeboid microglial cells in the developing rat brain. Neuroscience 142 (2) : 333-341. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Expression of 2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase (CNPase) in amoeboid microglial cells (AMC) in developing rat brain from prenatal day 18 (E18) to postnatal day 10 (P10) was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy both in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Furthermore, real time-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to determine the expression of CNPase at mRNA level in cultured microglial cells in control conditions and following lipopolysaccharide stimulation. CNPase immunoreactive amoeboid microglia occurred in large numbers in the corpus callosum, subventricular zone and cavum septum pellucidum at P0 but were progressively reduced with age and were undetectable at P14. By immunoelectron microscopy, immunoreaction product was associated primarily with the plasma membrane, filopodial projections and mitochondria in AMC. Real time-PCR analysis revealed that CNPase mRNA was expressed by cultured amoeboid microglia and was significantly up-regulated in microglial activation induced in vitro by lipopolysaccharide. The functional role of CNPase in AMC remains speculative. Given its expression in AMC transiently occurring in the perinatal brain and that it is markedly elevated in activated microglia, it is suggested that the enzyme may be linked to the major functions of the cell type such as release of chemokines and cytokines. In relation to this, CNPase may play a key role associated with transportation of cytoplasmic materials. © 2006 IBRO.
Source Title: Neuroscience
ISSN: 03064522
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.06.030
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