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|Title:||Silencing the Metallothionein-2A gene inhibits cell cycle progression from G1- to S-phase involving ATM and cdc25A signaling in breast cancer cells|
|Source:||Lim, D., Jocelyn, K.M.-X., Yip, G.W.-C., Bay, B.-H. (2009). Silencing the Metallothionein-2A gene inhibits cell cycle progression from G1- to S-phase involving ATM and cdc25A signaling in breast cancer cells. Cancer Letters 276 (1) : 109-117. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2008.10.038|
|Abstract:||Metallothioneins (MTs) are a group of metal-binding proteins involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The MT-2A isoform is generally the most abundant isoform among the 10 known functional MT genes. In the present study, we observed that down-regulation of the MT-2A gene in MCF-7 cells via siRNA-mediated silencing inhibited cell growth by inducing cell cycle arrest in G1-phase (G1-arrest) and a marginal increase in cells in sub-G1-phase. Scanning electron microscopic examination of the cells with silenced expression of MT-2A (siMT-2A cells) revealed essentially normal cell morphology with presence of scattered apoptotic cells. To elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism, we examined the expression of cell cycle related genes in MT-2A-silenced cells and found a higher expression of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene concomitant with a lower expression of the cdc25A gene. These data suggest that MT-2A could plausibly modulate cell cycle progression from G1- to S-phase via the ATM/Chk2/cdc25A pathway. © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Cancer Letters|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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