Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/20841
Title: 《园冶》与明代江南的文人园林 = Yuanye and Literati's Gardens in Ming Jiangnan
Authors: 康格溫
KANG GER-WEN
Keywords: Yuanye,Literati,Garden,Ming,Jiangnan,architect
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2010
Source: 康格溫,KANG GER-WEN (2010-08-19). 《园冶》与明代江南的文人园林 = Yuanye and Literati's Gardens in Ming Jiangnan. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Traditional Chinese gardens which reveal a high level of artistic achievement in a characteristic style are the condensation of the ancient life art. A fruitful and prosperous garden consists of not only the materials, such as pavilions and plants, but also spiritual concepts, such as aesthetic thought and philosophical thinking. Chinese garden first appeared in the Qin and Han Dynasties, was formulated in the Wei-Jin and Northern & Southern Dynasties, developed in the Tang Dynasty, matured in the Song Dynasty and reached its peak after the reign of the Jiajing Emperor (1522-1566) of the Ming when aristocrats and officials competed with each other in garden designs. Viewed through the lens of sociology, Chinese garden represents a stage of social intercourse, a place of gathering, exhibiting antiques and also a symbol of the owner¿s cultural style. The dissertation comprises seven sections. The first part reviews the related works and presents the research issues. Next, the preface investigates the trend of garden construction in Ming Jiangnan(traditionally referring to the plain at the lower reaches of the Yangtze River).The Jiangnan area is well-supplied with water and the stones that were used to construct ¿mountains¿ were also abundant. Private gardens of the Ming Dynasties were mainly situated in Jiangnan, a rich and populous region with many literati, and as a consequence, was the cultural centre of China. Chapter 1 discusses the cultural meanings of Yuanye in the history of Chinese gardens. The participation of scholars in the making of gardens enriched the external beauty and the cultural connotations of the gardens. Based on practices, they contributed a bulk of theoretic books on garden construction, which provided penetrating summaries and descriptions on the Chinese garden art. One of the most important examples is the Yuanye (The Craft of Gardens) by Ji Cheng (also known as Ji Wupi). Chapter 2 deals with the issues relating to the different versions and disseminations of the Yuanye and Ji Cheng as a scholar, an artist and a garden architect. Chapter 3 investigates the origin of making rockery mountains and the importance of garden architects. Ji Cheng studied painting in his early years and later he embedded the realm of Chinese landscape painting into his garden building practices. Although garden studies have commenced more than twenty years, considerable concern has arisen over the relationship between material culture and commercial consumption. The connections between social status and garden construction were not made explicit, not to mention the interactions between the rich and the scholars on gardening activities. Chapter 4 elaborates the literati¿s life style and Chinese garden from the viewpoint of Yuanye. Chapter 5 analyzes the consumptions and garden related industry under the influence of the trend of garden competition. To conclude, this study explains the dynamic relation between Yuanye and literati¿s gardens in Ming Jiangnan area. It also provides researchers on Chinese garden a better understanding of the different versions and disseminations of the Yuanye.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/20841
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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