Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2005.06.002
Title: Spatially selective liberalization and graduated sovereignty: Politics of neo-liberalism and "special economic zones" in South Korea
Authors: Park, B.-G. 
Keywords: Developmental state
Globalization
Graduated sovereignty
Neo-liberalization
South Korea
Spatially selective liberalization
Issue Date: 2005
Source: Park, B.-G. (2005). Spatially selective liberalization and graduated sovereignty: Politics of neo-liberalism and "special economic zones" in South Korea. Political Geography 24 (7) : 850-873. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2005.06.002
Abstract: In this paper, I seek to examine the ways in which the sovereign territoriality of the state has been contested and (re)constructed in relation to globalization and economic liberalization, especially in the context of the East Asian developmental state. In particular, by building on Aiwa Ong's concept of "graduated sovereignty", I will address how the forms of state regulation and sovereignty can be spatially differentiated or graduated within a national territory, with a focus on the spatial processes of economic liberalization in South Korea. In focusing on a recent globalization project of the Korean government, which aims to develop global hubs of international movement of capital and skilled labor in several localities by designating these "economic free zones", my analytical focus in this paper is on answering this question: Why and under what political and economic circumstance has the Korean government decided to use this spatial strategy? More specifically, I argue in this paper that the strategy of building "special economic zones" in South Korea is partly a spatial outcome of East Asian "neo-liberalization", stemming from politically contested interactions between inherited institutional forms and policy frameworks of the developmental state, and the emergent forces of economic liberalization. In other words, the Korean government's project to build "economic free zones" can be considered a strategy of "spatially selective liberalization" it demonstrates strong properties of path dependency, in which established institutional arrangements constrain the scope and trajectory of neo-liberal reform in South Korea. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Political Geography
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/19656
ISSN: 09626298
DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2005.06.002
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

39
checked on Dec 13, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

29
checked on Nov 12, 2017

Page view(s)

215
checked on Dec 9, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.