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Title: Lexical Variables in Malay Visual Word Recognition
Keywords: Malay, word recognition, psycholinguistics, megastudy, lexical variables
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2009
Citation: SITI SYUHADA BINTE FAIZAL (2009-08-04). Lexical Variables in Malay Visual Word Recognition. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Unlike English, Malay has a shallow alphabetic orthography, simple syllabic structures and transparent affixation. To investigate which cognitive processes are language-specific, a database of lexical variables for 9,594 Malay words was developed from a one-million-word corpus. Lexical decision and speeded pronunciation latency and accuracy data for 44 skilled readers were then collected for 1511 words. A principal components analysis was conducted to resolve the problem of high inter-correlations between variables, and four lexical components were identified: length, frequency, neighborhood size, and Levenshtein distance. Item-level regression analyses revealed the following: length is a stronger predictor of latency than frequency for both tasks, consistent with greater reliance on nonlexical processing in shallow orthographies; both words with more neighbors as well as words with closer neighbors were responded to faster across both tasks, reflecting the nonlexical phonological assembly process. These results contrast with English but are consistent with findings on other shallow orthographies.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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