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|Title:||Transcriptional effects of chronic Akt activation in the heart|
|Authors:||Cook S.A. |
|Citation:||Cook S.A., Matsui T., Li N., Rosenzweig A. (2002). Transcriptional effects of chronic Akt activation in the heart. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277 (25) : 22528-22533. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M201462200|
|Abstract:||Akt activation reduces cardiomyocyte death and induces cardiac hypertrophy. To help identify effector mechanisms, gene expression profiles in hearts from transgenic mice with cardiac-specific expression of activated Akt (myr-Akt) were compared with littermate controls. 40 genes were identified as differentially expressed. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR confirmed qualitative results of transcript profiling for 9 of 10 genes examined, however, there were notable quantitative discrepancies between the quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and microarray data sets. Interestingly Akt induced significant up-regulation of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5), which could contribute to its anti-apoptotic effects in the heart. In addition, Akt-mediated down-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ? coactivator-1 (PGC-1) and PPAR-? may shift myocytes toward glycolytic metabolism shown to preserve cardiomyocyte function and survival during transient ischemia. IGFBP-5 transcripts also increased after adenoviral gene transfer of myr-Akt to cultured cardiomyocytes, suggesting that this represents a direct effect of Akt activation. In contrast, substantial induction of growth differentiation factor-8 (GDF-8), a highly conserved inhibitor of skeletal muscle growth, was observed in transgenic hearts but not after acute Akt activation in vitro, suggesting that GDF-8 induction may represent a secondary effect perhaps related to the cardiac hypertrophy seen in these mice. Thus, microarray analysis reveals previously unappreciated Akt regulation of genes that could contribute to the effects of Akt on cardiomyocyte survival, metabolism, and growth.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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