Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147165
Title: CAREGIVER-REPORTED AUTISTIC AND CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS IN YOUNG SCHOOL-AGED SINGAPOREAN CHILDREN: AN INVESTIGATION OF MEASUREMENT AND CONSTRUCT OVERLAPS AND DIFFERENCES
Authors: KAN HONG TING RACHEL
Keywords: autistic, callous-unemotional traits, children
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2018
Citation: KAN HONG TING RACHEL (2018-04-13). CAREGIVER-REPORTED AUTISTIC AND CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS IN YOUNG SCHOOL-AGED SINGAPOREAN CHILDREN: AN INVESTIGATION OF MEASUREMENT AND CONSTRUCT OVERLAPS AND DIFFERENCES. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Reduced empathy characterizes both individuals with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and high autistic traits (ATs), and high callous-unemotional (CU) traits. However, the causes are argued to be distinct – elevated ATs are primarily impaired in cognitive empathy and/or Theory of Mind (ToM), while elevated CU traits are more impaired in affective empathy. The present study aimed to explore the overlap and extent to which caregiver-reported Social Responsivity Scale (SRS) and Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) measured impairments unique to ASD/high ATs and high CU traits respectively. Participants were Singaporean young school-aged children involved in a larger longitudinal study GUSTO – Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (subsamples: n = 114 to 296). Caregiver-reported ATs, empathy and ToM were measured at 54 months, and CU traits at 6 years. Correlations and hierarchical regressions revealed modest association between SRS and ICU. Cognitive empathy impairments predominantly associated with, and predicted higher ATs and higher CU traits; ToM did not predict ATs nor CU traits. The findings confirm moderate overlap between measures of ATs and CU traits but propose that ATs and CU traits involve largely cognitive empathy impairments. The potential methodological caveats with regard to cross-cultural application and informants, and future directions were discussed.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147165
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