Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147144
Title: MATERNAL ANXIETY, CHILD EXECUTIVE FUNCTION, AND BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS IN 4.5-YEAR-OLD SINGAPOREAN CHILDREN
Authors: RUTH ANNE KEH HUI TSIEN
Keywords: maternal anxiety, executive function, children, behaviour
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2018
Citation: RUTH ANNE KEH HUI TSIEN (2018-04-13). MATERNAL ANXIETY, CHILD EXECUTIVE FUNCTION, AND BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS IN 4.5-YEAR-OLD SINGAPOREAN CHILDREN. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The incidence of Internalizing and Externalizing symptomatology and problems (IEP) in Singapore is relatively higher compared to other countries, with internalising problems being more prevalent. Several aspects of caregiver mental health, including maternal anxiety and depression, have been found to contribute to higher rates of children’s IEP. This study extends existing literature by exploring the associations between maternal anxiety, IEP, child gender, and child executive functions (EF). We hypothesized that observed child EF (i.e., inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility), in interaction with child gender, would moderate the link between higher maternal anxiety and elevated IEP. Two hundred Singaporean mother-child dyads from the GUSTO birth cohort were assessed when the children were 54-months old using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (for maternal anxiety), and the Computerised Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (for child IEP). Children’s cognitive flexibility and gender marginally moderated the association between maternal anxiety and child externalising problems. Girls in the low-cognitive-flexibility group and boys in the moderate-cognitive-flexibility group showed elevated IEP when exposed to higher maternal anxiety. This study contributes in existing literature by considering whether child cognitive flexibility potentially buffers the risk for developing IEP in early childhood when exposed to high maternal anxiety.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147144
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