Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147120
Title: A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION: RELATING COGNITIVE STYLE AND SPATIAL PROCESSING
Authors: TAN LIN ER
Keywords: cognitive style, spatial processing, culture, wayfinding performance
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2018
Citation: TAN LIN ER (2018-04-13). A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION: RELATING COGNITIVE STYLE AND SPATIAL PROCESSING. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Research have shown that culture influences an individual’s spatial processing performance, which is the ability to construct and attend to spatial representations. However, the nature of cultural differences in spatial processing remains unclear. Hence, this study aims to investigate whether cognitive style - environmentally sensitive cognitive individual differences explains the relationship between culture (collectivistic/ individualistic) and spatial processing performance (egocentric/ allocentric spatial processing). To assess participants’ spatial processing performance, they would first be led on a novel route and route-related tasks –Route Pointing Direction Task (R-PDT) and Shortcut Task would then be administered immediately. Then, a battery of off-route spatial tasks was administered - Virtual Reality Perspective-Taking Assessment (VR-PTA), Spatial Updating Task, Mental Rotation Task (MRT) and the Fundamental Integrated Cognitive Style (FICS) questionnaire. As with prior research, our findings showed that Singaporeans (collectivistic) generally employ egocentric strategies, while Europeans (individualistic) employ allocentric strategies. Also, context dependence/independence dimension was found to explain the relationship between culture and allocentric spatial processing performance, while cognitive style does not explain the relationship between culture with egocentric processing and large-scale wayfinding performance respectively. Additionally, wayfinding performance was found to be predicted largely by egocentric spatial processing and to a lesser extent, internal locus of control.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147120
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses (Restricted)

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