Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/145851
Title: HEALTH LITERACY AND EMPOWERMENT IN ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Authors: CHAI SHIN CHIEH
Keywords: health literacy, empowerment, demographics, diabetes, self-efficacy, self-management, Singapore
Issue Date: 21-Jun-2018
Citation: CHAI SHIN CHIEH (2018-06-21). HEALTH LITERACY AND EMPOWERMENT IN ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the top non-communicable disease. Self-management of DM is the cornerstone of diabetes care, and health literacy (HL) and empowerment (EP) play pivotal roles in determining health behaviours and health outcomes. A mismatch of HL and EP levels can lead to detrimental consequences due to uninformed or over-ambitious health decisions. HL and EP levels are also determined by personal determinants such as demographics characteristics. Aims: The aims of this study were to assess the level of HL and EP, explore for any associations between HL and EP and investigate the association between HL and EP with demographics characteristics in patients with Type 2 DM. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed. Functional, communicative, critical HL, EP and demographics variables were collected from 145 patients through self-reported questionnaire in an outpatient clinic setting. Correlations and multiple regression were used to identify associations between HL and EP, while inferential tests were carried to find associations with demographic characteristics. Results: Moderately high HL and EP levels were found in participants. Lower HL and EP levels were found in older Chinese patients, of lower education levels, retired and of lower socioeconomic status. In addition, positive correlation was found between HL and EP. When adjusting for all demographic characteristics, low education level significantly predicted lower HL and EP scores. Conclusion: Patients’ personal context can influence HL and EP levels, and education is a crucial factor in enhancing their HL and EP levels. It is important to take their background into consideration to tailor intervention and optimized the use of limited hospital resources. HL and EP are also two distinct but deeply intertwined concepts that influence each other. Thus, it is important to enhance both HL and EP in patients and promote them into effective self-managers of their own DM.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/145851
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses (Restricted)

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