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Title: Economic incentives and gender discrimination in schooling: Theory and evidence from Thai hill tribes
Keywords: economic differentials, gender discrimination, intrahousehold allocation, returns to schooling, hill tribes, Thailand
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2005
Citation: SWEE EIK LEONG (2005-03-23). Economic incentives and gender discrimination in schooling: Theory and evidence from Thai hill tribes. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Gender discrimination in schooling is widely recognised as an obstacle to socialjustice, as well as a cause of inefficiency. In examining its causes, this paper uses datafrom Thai hill tribes to highlight the importance of incentives caused by economicdifferentials by gender. We show that specific interplays of three such differentials a??(i) the marginal loss of time due to schooling, (ii) the marginal return on future wageincome, and (iii) the transfer rate of old-age support a?? are sufficient for a pro-boy bias.This implies that parents respond to economic incentives despite subscribing toandrocentric values. Evidence also suggests that discrimination is driven bycommunity preferences, but not measures of wealth if schooling is essentially free.Overall, our results underline the potential role of economic policy in closing thegender gap through eliminating economic differentials across sons and daughters.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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