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Title: The Bargain: Women in the Armed Forces of Japan, Korea and Taiwan
Issue Date: 2-Apr-2018
Citation: LOO HWE NING ELZA (2018-04-02). The Bargain: Women in the Armed Forces of Japan, Korea and Taiwan. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With a global increase in women within the armed forces and a seeming bevy of domestic and international factors that affect women’s military participation (WMP), the question of what causes a sustained increase in women’s military participation remains, as well as the puzzle of how qualitative participation can be distinguished from, and predicted for, apart from simply numerical increases of female military personnel. This thesis seeks to answer these enduring questions by presenting a single causal mechanism, the bargain, which should be seen as the negotiation within civil society and ruling authorities to bargain for greater gender equality within the existing culture. Without this bargain driving domestic policy change and mainstreaming social values toward a greater level of gender equality within society, it is highly unlikely that any push toward an increase in women’s military participation will be qualitative in nature, and will continue to face discrimination in the armed forces and informal barriers to being treated as equal counterparts in military institutions. For nations such as Japan, Korea and Taiwan, as featured in this thesis, an inability to incorporate half of their population into qualitative military participation while battling falling birth rates is thus highly worrying, and ultimately compromises the state’s ability to best ensure and secure its national defence.
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses (Restricted)

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