Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143830
Title: ALLEVIATING POVERTY THROUGH BUSINESS: A CASE STUDY OF ARK AQUACULTURE IN NORTH-WESTERN SRI LANKA
Authors: Janet Tay Yanling
Keywords: Aquaculture, poverty alleviation strategy, bottom of the pyramid (BOP), inclusive business, business-as-mission (BAM) business, Sri Lanka
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Janet Tay Yanling (2017). ALLEVIATING POVERTY THROUGH BUSINESS: A CASE STUDY OF ARK AQUACULTURE IN NORTH-WESTERN SRI LANKA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With the persistence of chronic rural poverty despite numerous poverty reduction strategies implemented by NGOs and governments, there presents a need to reframe such strategies as redistribution and transformation of rural communities. Inclusive businesses, and their faith-based counterparts (referred to as inclusive business-as-mission (IBAM) businesses), are increasingly fulfilling this role through engaging with the bottom of the economic pyramid as part of their value-chain. However, there is a paucity of research on the impact of such businesses on rural communities through a critical geographical lens. With ARK Aquaculture as a case study in North-Western Sri Lanka, this thesis seeks to contribute to the literature through an integrated Sustainable Livelihood Approach incorporated with notions of political ecology and Chambers’ (2004) Development Objective in (1) understanding the role of IBAM businesses in rural development and (2) measuring the impacts of such businesses on rural communities. The methodology consists of semi-structured interviews with decision-making maps for Singapore-based stakeholders and ‘go-along’ interviews in Goshen Farm for Sri Lankans employed by ARK Aquaculture. Additionally, participant observation was conducted at the BoP World Convention 2016 and the Urban Missional Business Forum 2016 to gain deeper insight into the motivations of such business communities in engaging with the poor. Fully transcribed taped interviews were coded through NVivo 11 Pro. The qualitative data obtained was interpreted through thematic analysis. Validation was achieved through triangulation of results. As such, four main impacts of ARK Aquaculture were elicited: job creation, theo-ethical approach to employee wellbeing, skill development and technological innovation. Lastly, utilising generalised learnings from the case study, a broad Impact Farm Evaluation Framework is constructed as the deliverable of this research, which serves as a foundation upon which future comprehensive tools can be created to inform business operative practices.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143830
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses (Restricted)

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