Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143300
Title: CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIRD DISTRIBUTIONS WITH A FOCUS ON ETHIOPIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION
Authors: NEGA TASSIE ABATE
Keywords: Birds, Climate change, distributions, Ethiopia, MaxEnt, Modelling,
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2016
Citation: NEGA TASSIE ABATE (2016-01-04). CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIRD DISTRIBUTIONS WITH A FOCUS ON ETHIOPIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE RELIES ON OUR ABILITY TO MODEL SPECIES?HABITAT INTERACTIONS. RESULTS SHOWED THAT ECOLOGICAL BUT NOT COLOUR AND MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS, EXPLAIN THE MECHANISMS BEHIND THE RANGE SHIFTS OF BIRDS GLOBALLY. FURTHERMORE, 23 OF THE 28 ENDEMIC SPECIES OF ETHIOPIA WHOSE CURRENT RANGES WERE WELL REPRODUCED BY MODELS WERE PROJECTED TO HAVE MEAN RANGE CONTRACTIONS OF 26% BY 2050 AND 36% BY 2070 UNDER RCP6.0, VERSUS 38% AND 48% UNDER RCP8.5. IN PARTICULAR, THE STRESEMANN?S BUSHCROW WAS PROJECTED TO GO EXTINCT IN FUTURE. THE PROTECTED AREA NETWORK OF ETHIOPIA WAS FOUND TO PROVIDE BETTER COVERAGE OF ENDEMIC SPECIES UNDER CURRENT CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COMPARED WITH FUTURE AND SPECIES RICHNESS OF PROPOSED AND DESIGNATED SITES IS PREDICTED TO DECLINE. CONSERVATION FOCUS ON HIGHLANDS IS ESPECIALLY WARRANTED BECAUSE THESE AREAS CURRENTLY HAVE FEW CONSERVATION RESERVES AND ARE SUBJECT TO A HIGH INTENSITY OF HUMAN ACTIVITY.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143300
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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