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Title: Implicit Theories of Well-being: Its Effects on Subjective Well-being among University Students
Keywords: mindsets, malleability, subjective well-being, university students
Issue Date: 17-Nov-2017
Citation: JODI LAU YIOK CHENG (2017-11-17). Implicit Theories of Well-being: Its Effects on Subjective Well-being among University Students. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effects of implicit theories of well-being (or mindsets about well-being) on subjective well-being (SWB) among university students. Longitudinal data was collected through self-report questionnaires. Time 1 assessment was conducted during the middle of the semester when stress levels were high and Time 2 assessment was conducted after the release of examination results. I hypothesized that having an incremental theory of well-being (i.e. believing that one's well-being is malleable) would lead to better SWB over time, as indicated by depression and anxiety symptoms as well as quality of life. I further predicted that this relationship would be mediated via the cognitive processes of rumination and perceived stress. Indeed, an incremental theory of well-being was found to predict lower levels of depression and anxiety symptoms via lower levels of rumination and perceived stress over time. There were no significant effects found for quality of life. Mindset theory was thus found to be applicable to the domain of well-being. These findings show that interventions aiming to improve mental health among university students should not only implement strategies that target maladaptive thinking styles and appraisals, but also promote the adoption of the belief that one's well-being is malleable.
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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