Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/138212
Title: EPIGENOMIC PROMOTER PROFILING OF GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA
Authors: ADITI QAMRA
Keywords: Gastric Adenocarcinoma, Epigenomics
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2017
Source: ADITI QAMRA (2017-08-04). EPIGENOMIC PROMOTER PROFILING OF GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Promoter elements play important roles in isoform and cell type–specific expression. We surveyed the epigenomic promoter landscape of gastric adenocarcinoma, analyzing 110 chromatin profiles (H3K4me3, H3K4me1, H3K27ac) of primary gastric cancers, gastric cancer lines, and nonmalignant gastric tissues. We identified nearly 2,000 promoter alterations (somatic promoters), many deregulated in various epithelial malignancies and mapping frequently to alternative promoters within the same gene, generating potential pro-oncogenic isoforms (RASA3). Somatic promoter–associated N-terminal peptides displaying relative depletion in tumors exhibited high-affinity MHC binding predictions and elicited potent T-cell responses in vitro, suggesting a mechanism for reducing tumor antigenicity. In multiple patient cohorts, gastric cancers with high somatic promoter usage also displayed reduced T-cell cytolytic marker expression. By generating tumor-specific isoforms and decreasing tumor antigenicity, epigenomic promoter alterations may thus drive intrinsic tumorigenesis and also allow nascent cancers to evade host immunity.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/138212
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Restricted)

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
QamraAQ.pdf5.31 MBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.