Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/136270
Title: INFORMAL RISK SHARING WITHIN CASTES IN INDIA
Authors: ADITI GUPTA
Keywords: Risk sharing, Consumption-Income ratio, Consumption smoothing, Risk sharing networks, Caste system, India
Issue Date: 5-Apr-2017
Source: ADITI GUPTA (2017-04-05). INFORMAL RISK SHARING WITHIN CASTES IN INDIA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Caste system in India is one of the oldest and enduring hierarchical systems of social stratification. Various studies have acknowledged the existence of caste-based risk sharing network and worked on its implications on migration and risk taking capabilities of individuals and households. In this study, I investigate the disparities in risk sharing faced by the members of different caste groups in rural India. I use the second wave of India Human Development Survey (IHDS) data to estimate the effect of caste on households’ ratio of relative consumption and relative income, which I use as a measure of risk sharing. I find that among people belonging to the same income group, those from higher castes are better insured than the lower castes. I also find that credits from relatives form an important channel of risk sharing within castes. This implies that improved access to formal credit and insurance market, irrespective of their caste affiliations, would better insure households in rural India. This would help achieve better equality of opportunities and would reduce caste-based discrimination.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/136270
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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