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|Title:||Ongoing normal pregnancy after transfer of zona-free blastocysts: Implications for embryo transfer in the human|
|Authors:||Fong, C.-Y. |
|Citation:||Fong, C.-Y., Bongso, A., Ng, S.C., Anandakumar, C., Trounson, A., Ratnam, S. (1997-03). Ongoing normal pregnancy after transfer of zona-free blastocysts: Implications for embryo transfer in the human. Human Reproduction 12 (3) : 557-560. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Recent reports suggest that transfer of day 5 blastocysts improves implantation rates in in-vitro fertilization programmes. This paper reports a successful ongoing pregnancy after the transfer of zona-free day 6 expanded and hatching blastocysts. The patient was 37 years old and had undergone six stimulated and two thaw cycles previously, all of which had failed. Stimulation was by down-regulation and oocytes recovered transvaginally by ultrasound guidance. Two pronuclear embryos were co-cultured on Vero cells to day 6. The zonae of two hatching and two fully expanded blastocysts were removed using 0.5% pronase, and the zona-free blastocysts were then transferred. Pregnancy was confirmed on day 18 with a positive human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) and ultrasound at 6 weeks showed a single healthy fetal heart inside a clear sac. At 14 weeks a triple test (oestriol, J-HCG and α-fetoprotein) was normal and at 22 weeks a detailed ultrasound scan showed no congenital anomalies. This is the first report in the human of a normal ongoing pregnancy after the transfer of zona-free day 6 embryos.|
|Source Title:||Human Reproduction|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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