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|Title:||No evidence of association between dopamine D4 receptor variants and bipolar affective disorder|
|Authors:||Lim, L.C.C. |
|Source:||Lim, L.C.C., Nothen, M.M., Korner, J., Rietschel, M., Castle, D., Hunt, N., Propping, P., Murray, R., Gill, M. (1994). No evidence of association between dopamine D4 receptor variants and bipolar affective disorder. American Journal of Medical Genetics 54 (3) : 259-263. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Disturbance in the dopamine neurotransmitter system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of affective disorder. In this study, we examine the possibility that functional variants of the recently cloned dopamine D4 receptor gene contribute to the genetic component of manic depression. The polymorphism, a 48 bp tandem repeat coding for part of the third cytoplasmic loop, was detected using a PCR based method. In a first sample of 57 patients and 59 controls, we found allele 7 to be in excess in the patients. In contrast, allele 3 was less frequent in patients. A second, larger sample of 90 patients and 91 controls was utilized to test these hypotheses. Data from the two samples were then pooled together for further analyses. We calculated the power of our samples, and if the frequency of 7 repeat allele obtained from sample 1 is true, i.e., 25% (28/114) for patients and 14% (16/118) for controls, then the power of the combined sample is 62% at 5% (two-tailed) significance level. However, both observations were not replicated; we therefore conclude that variations in this repeat at the DRD4 gene do not contribute to the genetic component of manic depression.|
|Source Title:||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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