Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.85.8.925
Title: Is the pulse rate useful in assessing risk of diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema? The Wisconsin epidemiological study of diabetic retinopathy
Authors: Tien Yin Wong 
Moss, S.E.
Klein, R.
Klein, B.E.K.
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Tien Yin Wong, Moss, S.E., Klein, R., Klein, B.E.K. (2001). Is the pulse rate useful in assessing risk of diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema? The Wisconsin epidemiological study of diabetic retinopathy. British Journal of Ophthalmology 85 (8) : 925-927. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjo.85.8.925
Abstract: Aim - To describe the relation between pulse rate and incident diabetic retinopathy. Methods - Population based cohort study of people with diabetes. Resting pulse rate was measured in 30 second intervals. Diabetic retinopathy was evaluated from masked gradings of fundus photographs. Results - People with higher pulse rates were more likely to have 4 year progression of retinopathy, progression to proliferative retinopathy, and incident macular oedema than those with lower pulse rates. However, these associations were attenuated after controlling for blood pressure, glycosylated haemoglobin, and other risk factors. Conclusion - Pulse rate may be a clinical indicator of overall risk of diabetic retinopathy, but is not independently associated with the condition.
Source Title: British Journal of Ophthalmology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/131067
ISSN: 00071161
DOI: 10.1136/bjo.85.8.925
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