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Title: Pathway control in visual word processing: Converging evidence from recognition memory
Authors: Kang, S.H.K.
Balota, D.A.
Yap, M.J. 
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Citation: Kang, S.H.K., Balota, D.A., Yap, M.J. (2009-08). Pathway control in visual word processing: Converging evidence from recognition memory. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 16 (4) : 692-698. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The extent to which readers can exert strategic control over oral reading processes is a matter of debate. According to the pathway control hypothesis, the relative contributions of the lexical and nonlexical pathways can be modulated by the characteristics of the context stimuli being read, but an alternative time criterion model is also a viable explanation of past results. In Experiment 1, subjects named high- and low-frequency regular words in the context of either low-frequency exception words (e.g., pint) or nonwords (e.g., flirp). Frequency effects (faster pronunciation latencies for high-frequency words) were attenuated in the nonword context, consistent with the notion that nonwords emphasize the characteristics of the frequency-insensitive nonlexical pathway. Importantly, we also assessed memory for targets, and a similar attenuation of the frequency effect in recognition memory was observed in the nonword condition. Converging evidence was obtained in a second experiment in which a variable that was more sensitive to the nonlexical pathway (orthographic neighborhood size) was manipulated. The results indicated that both speeded pronunciation performance and memory performance were relatively attenuated in the low-frequency exception word context in comparision with the nonword context. The opposing influences of list context type for word frequency and orthographic neighborhood size effects in speeded pronunciation and memory performance provide strong support for the pathway control model, as opposed to the time criterion model. © 2009 The Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Source Title: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review
ISSN: 10699384
DOI: 10.3758/PBR.16.4.692
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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