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|Title:||A microscopic derivation of the equilibrium energy density spectrum for barotropic turbulence on a sphere|
|Citation:||Lim, C.C. (2001-05-15). A microscopic derivation of the equilibrium energy density spectrum for barotropic turbulence on a sphere. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 294 (3-4) : 375-387. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4371(01)00029-2|
|Abstract:||We derive the equilibrium energy density spectrum E(k) for 2d Euler flows on a sphere at low to intermediate total kinetic energy levels where the Onsager temperature is positive: E(k) = Λ2/4πk[1 + (4π/k)LJ1(kL)-2πexp(-k2/4)], where L≫1 is a large positive integer, and Λ is the total circulation. The proof is based on work of Wigner, Dyson and Ginibre on random matrices. Using this closed-form expression, we give a rigorous upper bound for the equilibrium energy density spectrum of Euler flows on the surface of a sphere: E(k) ≤ C1k-2.5 for k≪L1/2 where C1 = Λ2L1/2 and we conjecture that C2k-3.5 ≤ E(k) for k≪L1/2 from numerical evidence. For k > L1/2 we have E(k) = (Λ2/4π)k-1, and between k≪L1/2 and k > L1/2, the envelope of the graph of E(k) changes smoothly from a k-2.5 slope to a k-1 slope. Thus, for a punctured sphere with a hole over the south pole whose diameter determines L, such as the case of simple barotropic models for a global atmosphere with a mountainous southern continent or a ozone hole over the south pole, our calculations predict that there is a regime of wavenumbers k > L1/2 with k-5/3 behaviour. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.|
|Source Title:||Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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