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|Title:||Complete branchial fistula: Case report and review of the literature|
Complete branchial fistula
|Citation:||Ang, A.H.-C., Pang, K.P., Tan, L.K.-S. (2001). Complete branchial fistula: Case report and review of the literature. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 110 (11) : 1077-1079. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Branchial anomalies, a result of aberrant embryonic development, are rarely seen in clinical practice. Lesions of the second branchial pouch commonly present as a neck lump or discharging sinus that may be complicated by infection. Clinical examination often reveals the lesion to be related to the junction of the upper two thirds and the lower one third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Branchial fistulas often present as a discharging sinus in the neck with the fistula tract extending upward within the deep neck tissue for a variable distance. A complete branchial fistula is one that has a defined internal opening in the tonsillar area and an external opening at the skin overlying the sternocleidomastoid muscle at the junction of the upper two thirds and the lower one third of the muscle. The incidence of such lesions is extremely rare. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for branchial anomalies. We present the case of a patient who presented with a complete branchial fistula and discuss the clinical presentation and surgical management of such lesions, with a review of the relevant literature.|
|Source Title:||Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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