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|Title:||Effects of 4-hydroxyandrostenedione and hyperstimulation with pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin on early embryonic development in rats|
|Authors:||Tong, T.Y.Y. |
|Source:||Tong, T.Y.Y., Goh, V.H.H. (2001). Effects of 4-hydroxyandrostenedione and hyperstimulation with pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin on early embryonic development in rats. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 79 (9) : 744-753. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjpp-79-9-744|
|Abstract:||A possible role of high oestradiol levels in mediating the adverse effects of hyperstimulation with pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) on early embryonic development in the rat was investigated using an aromatase inhibitor, 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA), to inhibit endogenous oestradiol production. Three experiments were conducted in this study. In the first, varying doses of 4-OHA were administered either concurrently with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to pro-oestrus female rats hyperstimulated at early di-oestrus stage with 20 IU PMSG or alone into nonhyperstimulated pro-oestrus females. At high doses of 1000, 2000, or 5000 μg/rat, 4-OHA substantially improved the survival of embryos in hyperstimulated females, while low doses of 100 and 500 μg/rat were ineffective. The protective effect of 4-OHA on embryo count was optimum at 2000 μg. When administered alone, only the highest dose of 5000 μg/rat 4-OHA increased embryo count. In the second experiment, higher doses of PMSG were studied (30 or 40 IU), with or without 5000 μg/rat 4-OHA given at the time of hCG injection. PMSG proved to be more detrimental with increasing dose, and 5000 μg/rat 4-OHA was able to rescue embryos from death in the 30, but not 40, PMSG group. In the third experiment, the influence of the timing of 4-OHA treatment on its ability to improve the embryo count in hyperstimulated females was examined by introducing 4-OHA 24 h earlier, rather than at the time of hCG treatment. The results showed the importance of timing of 4-OHA administration, as 5000 μg/rat 4-OHA was able to restore embryo survival in the 40 PMSG hyperstimulated group only when it was administered 24 h before hCG injection. Together, these results highlighted that 4-OHA, when administered at the appropriate time and dose, could reverse the negative effects of hyperstimulation from PMSG on early embryonic development. This may be due to its potent aromatase inhibiting properties that lead to the suppression of oestrogen production, thereby alleviating the supraphysiological level of oestradiol, which is typically present in PMSG-treated females. Interestingly, 4-OHA treatment on its own was able to positively influence embryo count when given at a high dose of 5000 μg/rat, and this may be associated with its weak androgenic properties. In conclusion, this study supports the hypothesis that excessive oestradiol is responsible for the negative effects of hyperstimulation with PMSG on early embryonic development.|
|Source Title:||Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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