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Title: A Fifth Tone in the Mandarin Spoken in Singapore
Authors: Chen, C.-y. 
Issue Date: 1983
Source: Chen, C.-y. (1983). A Fifth Tone in the Mandarin Spoken in Singapore. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 11 (1) : 92-119. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Paper read at the Fourth Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Assoc of Australia, Melbourne, 14 May 1982. The great majority of Singapore Chinese speakers have a Southern Chinese dialect background. For them, Mandarin is an acquired lang - but one used daily. The Middle Chinese ru-sheng exists partially & inconsistently in Singapore Mandarin. Certain Middle Chinese ru-sheng ziappear more often than others in this "fifth tone." The fifth tone has a falling pitch. While it often differs from Mandarin tone 4 in being shorter or more tense in the whole syllable, it sometimes appears to be identical to tone 4. Therefore, the two cannot be consistently distinguished. It was found that 70.9% of the ru-sheng zi of Mandarin tones 1, 2, & 3, ending with the nucleus, appeared in the fifth tone. No correlations were found between the frequency of occurrence of the fifth tone & certain historical characteristics preserved by the Southern dialects. However, influence of the Southern dialects is probably the source of the fifth tone. Modified HA.
Source Title: Journal of Chinese Linguistics
ISSN: 00913723
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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