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Title: Reverse Remittances: Internal Migration and Rural-to-Urban Remittances in Industrialising South Korea
Authors: Mobrand, E. 
Keywords: Development
Internal Migration
Reverse Remittances
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Citation: Mobrand, E. (2012-03). Reverse Remittances: Internal Migration and Rural-to-Urban Remittances in Industrialising South Korea. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 38 (3) : 389-411. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Migrant remittances are widely considered as one-way transfers from migrants to families in their communities of origin. Because remittances are unrequited, they can serve developmental purposes. But what if remittances are requited? Reverse remittances-money and goods which families send to their migrant members-do exist and can be substantial. Research on internal migration in South Korea reveals that reverse remittances can even exceed remittances. This paper draws on surveys of migrant transfers to outline patterns of reverse remittances. The high level of reverse remittances in South Korea can be attributed to that society's truncated urban transition: because massive permanent village-to-city migration was not preceded or accompanied by short-term circulation between urban places of varying sizes, migration was poorly integrated into rural economic activities. The South Korean experience raises questions about the role of remittances in the relationship between migration and development in communities of origin. © 2012 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Source Title: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
ISSN: 1369183X
DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2012.658544
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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