Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.12.887
Title: Energy and pollutant damage costs of operating electric, hybrid, and conventional vehicles in Singapore
Authors: Nazir, S. 
Wong, Y.S.
Keywords: Electric vehicle
Hybrid
Pollutant damage cost
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Nazir, S.,Wong, Y.S. (2012). Energy and pollutant damage costs of operating electric, hybrid, and conventional vehicles in Singapore. Energy Procedia 14 : 1099-1104. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.12.887
Abstract: Pollutant emissions for vehicles are a function of the amount of energy it consumes and the feedstock for that energy. A model was built to capture the energy and pollutant damage costs associated with using electric vehicles (EVs), hybrid vehicles and internal combustion engine cars in Singapore based on vehicles currently available in the Singapore market. These damage costs were compared to vehicle purchase price and fuel costs. This is part of broader work to compare the costs and benefits of EVs with hybrid and ICE vehicles in Singapore. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Energy Procedia
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/128562
ISSN: 18766102
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.12.887
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