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Title: Three waves of nationalism in contemporary China: Sources, themes, presentations and consequences
Authors: Yang, L. 
Lim, C.K. 
Keywords: Fen Qing
Unhappy China
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Abstract: After China's defeat in the Opium War of 1839-42, Chinese elites began to develop a mind-set of "Saving the Chinese Nation". In their struggle with imperialism, both Western and Japanese, and building a new nation-state, Chinese elites have effectively employed this mind-set to mobilize the Chinese. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, the CCP government continued to utilize nationalism to mobilize the Chinese for various campaigns. Since it has initiated its reform and open door policy, China has experienced three distinctive waves of nationalism. The first wave of nationalism, liberal nationalism, was active during the 1980s. The second wave of nationalism, patriotic nationalism, appeared during the 1990s. The current and third wave of nationalism appeared at the turn of this century. This latest wave of nationalism represents the voices of the marginalized. Its backbone is made up of Internet savvy youths known as "Fen Qings".
Source Title: International Journal of China Studies
ISSN: 21803250
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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