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|Title:||Ultrastructural study of phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase, corticotropin-releasing factor and neurotensin immunoreactive neurons in the external cuneate nucleus of the gerbil|
External cuneate nucleus
|Source:||Lan, C.-T., Wen, C.-Y., Tan, C.-K., Ling, E.-A., Shieh, J.-Y. (1996-03-04). Ultrastructural study of phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase, corticotropin-releasing factor and neurotensin immunoreactive neurons in the external cuneate nucleus of the gerbil. Brain Research 711 (1-2) : 211-222. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(95)01398-9|
|Abstract:||The present study examined the existence of catecholamine-, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)- and neurotensin (NT)-containing neurons in the external cuneate nucleus (ECN) of the gerbil using single label pre-embedding immunocytochemistry in an attempt to shed light on the increasing evidence for autonomic involvement of the ECN. Peroxidase immunoreactivity of phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT), CRF or NT was identified in the heterogeneous population of the ECN neurons characterized by a deeply infolded nucleus. The label was localized in their somata, dendrites, myelinated axons and axon terminals. The immunolabelled dendrites were contacted by spherical (S) and flattened (F) types of presynaptic boutons containing spherical and flattened synaptic vesicles, respectively. The PNMT-labelled dendrites, however, were postsynaptic to an additional type of axon terminals containing pleomorphic (P) synaptic vesicles. Among the immunoreactive axon terminals, the PNMT-labelled boutons consisted of two types: S and F; in the CRF- and NT-labelled axon terminals, only the S type was observed. The catecholamine-containing ECN neurons differed from the CRF- and NT-immunoreactive neurons in their synaptic organization. The latter two were considered to be of the same cell population because of their similarities in ultrastructural features and synaptic relations. In view of a high frequency (48% for PNMT, 50% for CRF and 46% for NT) of the F-typed boutons associated with the three categories of immunolabelled neurons in the ECN, it is possible that they are under considerable inhibitory control. The presence of catecholamine, CRF and NT in the ECN suggests that the nucleus may be involved in the integration of proprioception-, exercise- or stress-evoked autonomic responses.|
|Source Title:||Brain Research|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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