Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/120780
Title: Studies of the distribution and functional roles of transitory amoeboid microglial cells in developing rat brain using exogenous horseradish peroxidase as a marker
Authors: Xu, J.
Ling, E.-A. 
Keywords: Amoeboid microglia
Blood-brain barrier
Distribution
Horseradish peroxidase labelling
Postnatal rat brain
Issue Date: 1994
Source: Xu, J.,Ling, E.-A. (1994). Studies of the distribution and functional roles of transitory amoeboid microglial cells in developing rat brain using exogenous horseradish peroxidase as a marker. Journal of Brain Research 35 (1) : 103-111. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: When HRP was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.), labelled amoeboid microglial cells (AMC) were consistently localized in the subcortical white matter and circumventricular zones in early postnatal (1 and 7 days old) but absent in late postnatal (14-day-old) rats. The ingested HRP disappeared from the labelled cells 5 days after IP injection. Subcutaneous injection of HRP had also resulted in the labelling of amoeboid microglial cells in the corpus callosum of early postnatal rats. When the injected HRP was followed ultrastructurally over a time course sequence in intravenously (i.v.) injected rats, it was first detected in the invaginations on the luminal side of endothelium and in the endothelial cytoplasm 30 min after injection. HRP was present both in the endothelium and amoeboid microglial cells 3 hours later. With time, the tracer was progressively accumulated in the cytoplasm of AMC and it was sequestered in the vacuoles and lysosomes. It is concluded from this study that when injected i.p., i.v. or subcutaneously in the early postnatal rats, HRP is circulated to the blood vessels in the subcortical white matter and circumventricular zones where it gains access into the nervous tissues by transendothelial transport. The extravasated tracer is then phagocytosed by the residential AMC and subsequently degraded. The absence of labelling of AMC is attributed to the maturation of BBB which impedes the entry of exogenous tracer by the 14th postnatal day.
Source Title: Journal of Brain Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/120780
ISSN: 09448160
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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