Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02813-4
Title: Different astroglial reaction between the vagal dorsal motor nucleus and nucleus ambiguus following vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis in cats
Authors: Lan, C.-T.
Liu, J.C.
Hsu, J.-C.
Ling, E.-A. 
Keywords: Astrocyte
Hypoglossal nerve
Nerve heteroconnection
Vagus nerve
Issue Date: 27-Oct-2000
Citation: Lan, C.-T., Liu, J.C., Hsu, J.-C., Ling, E.-A. (2000-10-27). Different astroglial reaction between the vagal dorsal motor nucleus and nucleus ambiguus following vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis in cats. Brain Research 881 (2) : 222-226. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02813-4
Abstract: The dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) and nucleus ambiguus (NA) were both traced with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) retrograde labelling technique after vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis (VHA). By light microscopy, reinnervation of the new target, viz. tongue skeletal musculature, by DMV and NA was established at 22 days postoperation (dpo) as shown by the neuronal labelling with HRP. Ultrastructurally, signs of retrograde degeneration occurred in some DMV and NA neurons between 3 and 25 days after VHA. The incidence of darkened dendrites, an early sign of dendritic loss, was more common in the DMV compared to the NA. Accompanying the neuronal alteration were drastic astrocytic reactions in the DMV, but not in the NA. Between 3 and 7 dpo, the astrocytes in the DMV showed extensively hypertrophied processes and by 22 dpo, the somata and dendrites of HRP-labelled DMV neurons, but not NA's, appeared to be delineated by the increased lamellar astrocytic processes. Such a feature was sustained throughout the remaining postoperative intervals up to 500 dpo. It is concluded that the DMV motoneurons being autonomic in nature are probably not conducive to the newly acquired target organ. Hence, the insulation of the regenerating DMV motoneurons by the astroglial ensheathment would be vital in the neuronal remodelling and reconstruction of the vagal-hypoglossal pathway. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Brain Research
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/120733
ISSN: 00068993
DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02813-4
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