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Title: Roles of cholesterol in vesicle fusion and motion
Authors: Zhang, J.
Xue, R.
Ong, W.-Y. 
Chen, P.
Issue Date: 2-Sep-2009
Source: Zhang, J., Xue, R., Ong, W.-Y., Chen, P. (2009-09-02). Roles of cholesterol in vesicle fusion and motion. Biophysical Journal 97 (5) : 1371-1380. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Although it is well established that exocytosis of neurotransmitters and hormones is highly regulated by numerous secretory proteins, such as SNARE proteins, there is an increasing appreciation of the importance of the chemophysical properties and organization of membrane lipids to various aspects of the exocytotic program. Based on amperometric recordings by carbon fiber microelectrodes, we show that deprivation of membrane cholesterol by methyl-β-cyclodextrin not only inhibited the extent of membrane depolarization-induced exocytosis, it also adversely affected the kinetics and quantal size of vesicle fusion in neuroendocrine PC12 cells. In addition, total internal fluorescence microscopy studies revealed that cholesterol depletion impaired vesicle docking and trafficking, which are believed to correlate with the dynamics of exocytosis. Furthermore, we found that free cholesterol is able to directly trigger vesicle fusion, albeit with less potency and slower kinetics as compared to membrane depolarization stimulation. These results underscore the versatile roles of cholesterol in facilitating exocytosis. © 2009 by the Biophysical Society.
Source Title: Biophysical Journal
ISSN: 00063495
DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2009.06.025
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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