Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/120098
Title: 清末民初以来北京话副词“在”考察 = A STUDY ON THE ADVERB "ZAI" SINCE LATE QING DYNASTY AND EARLY REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Authors: 旷涛群
KUANG TAOQUN
Keywords: late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China,Beijing dialect, Nanking mandarin , the adverb "zai "
Issue Date: 26-May- 15
Source: 旷涛群,KUANG TAOQUN (0015-05-26). 清末民初以来北京话副词“在”考察 = A STUDY ON THE ADVERB "ZAI" SINCE LATE QING DYNASTY AND EARLY REPUBLIC OF CHINA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: "Zai" wasn?t used as an adverb and there was no "zai VP" in Beijing dialect in late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China. The native Beijingers rarely use the progressive aspect marker "zai" in modern Beijing dialect, however, the adverb "zai" appears frequently in mandarin. I analyzed the development process of the adverb "zai" based on large-scale corpus , which including texts of Cai Youmei, Jian Dan , Wang Shuo and Lao She.At the same time I also analysed the spoken Beijing dialect. One of the most important influencing factors is that the Beijing Mandarin has replaced the Nanking mandarin. The second factor is that lots of writers left Beijing to south China in 1940s. There?s a few examples of "zai VP" in Ming Dynasty, and they only exist in Nanking mandarin .Before the middle of the Qing Dynasty, this phenomenon appeared in both Beijing Mandarin and Nanking mandarin, but in late Qing Dynasty, there?s few adverb "zai "in Beijing Mandarin. The number of adverb "zai "is closed to zero in late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China. But we can find an increasing trend of "zai VP" in 1940s. The adverb "zai " in Nanking mandarin has influenced standard Chinese, and then standard Chinese influenced Beijing Mandarin. Now there?s no adverb "zai " in spoken Beijing dialect. In spoken Beijing dialect there are following forms to express progressive or continuous way: zhe,ne(na),zheng,zhengzai, zhe?er and zhe-ne, zheng-zhe, zheng-ne, zhengzhe?er,zhe?er-ne and so on.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/120098
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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