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Title: Genetic improvement of plants for enhanced bio-ethanol production
Authors: Saha, S.
Ramachandran, S. 
Keywords: Biofuels
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Saha, S.,Ramachandran, S. (2013). Genetic improvement of plants for enhanced bio-ethanol production. Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences 7 (1) : 36-44. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The present world energy situation urgently requires exploring and developing alternate, sustainable sources for fuel. Biofuels have proven to be an effective energy source but more needs to be produced to meet energy goals. Whereas first generation biofuels derived from mainly corn and sugarcane continue to be used and produced, the contentious de- bate between "feedstock versus foodstock" continues. The need for sources that can be grown under different environ- mental conditions has led to exploring newer sources. Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive source for production of biofuel, but pretreatment costs to remove lignin are high and the process is time consuming. Genetically modified plants that have increased sugar or starch content, modified lignin content, or produce cellulose degrading enzymes are some op- tions that are being explored and tested. This review focuses on current research on increasing production of biofuels by genetic engineering of plants to have desirable characteristics. Recent patents that have been filed in this area are also dis- cussed. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.
Source Title: Recent Patents on DNA and Gene Sequences
ISSN: 18722156
DOI: 10.2174/1872215611307010006
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