Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/116192
Title: A first record of freshwater sponge from Singapore and redescription of Eunapius conifer (Annandale, 1916) (Haplosclerida: Spongillina: Spongillidae)
Authors: Lim, S.-C.
Tan, K.-S. 
Keywords: Biodiversity
Eunapius conifer
Freshwater sponge
Porifera
Redescription
Singapore
Issue Date: Aug-2013
Citation: Lim, S.-C.,Tan, K.-S. (2013-08). A first record of freshwater sponge from Singapore and redescription of Eunapius conifer (Annandale, 1916) (Haplosclerida: Spongillina: Spongillidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61 (2) : 453-459. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Eunapius conifer is reported for the first time from Singapore, extending its distribution significantly south to the equator from China. The identity of E. conifer has been confusing and uncertain since Annandale described the species in 1916 from Tai Hu near Shanghai, China. Smooth gemmuloscleres (oxeas), 65-115 μm in length, and gemmules, 250-350 μm in diameter, are characteristic of type material which do not agree with Annandale's original description, where it was stated that gemmules were not more than 140 μm in diameter and short, spiny gemmuloscleres were 30 μm in length. We conclude that Annandale's original description of E. conifer is in error and we provide a redescription based on type material as well as living specimens from Singapore. The latter specimens also constitute the first record of freshwater sponge from Singapore. © National University of Singapore.
Source Title: Raffles Bulletin of Zoology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/116192
ISSN: 02172445
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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