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Title: Cyclin D3 sensitizes tumor cells to tumor necrosis factor-induced, c- Myc-dependent apoptosis
Authors: Jänicke, R.U. 
Lin, X.Y. 
Lee, F.H.H.
Porter, A.G. 
Issue Date: 1996
Source: Jänicke, R.U.,Lin, X.Y.,Lee, F.H.H.,Porter, A.G. (1996). Cyclin D3 sensitizes tumor cells to tumor necrosis factor-induced, c- Myc-dependent apoptosis. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16 (10) : 5245-5253. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: c-Myc is an important mediator of apoptosis in cytokine- or serum- deprived cells and sensitizes various cell types to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) cytotoxicity. However, downstream mediators of c-Myc-dependent apoptosis are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated whether one or more cyclins which, like e-Myc, are important regulators of the cell cycle are involved in TNF-induced apoptosis downstream of c-Mye. Cyclin D3 and c- Myc levels in HeLa and fibrosarcoma cells correlated with sensitivity of these cells to TNF-induced apoptosis, as both proteins were highly expressed in TNF-sensitive HeLa D98 cells and HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells but not in their TNF-resistant counterparts, HeLa H21 and SS-HT-1080 cells, respectively. All other cyclins tested were equally expressed in all tumor cell lines. Reduction in the expression of c-Myc by dexamethasone or inhibition of the transcriptional activity of c-Myc by introduction of a dominant negative form of e-Myc into TNF-sensitive HeLa D98 cells strongly suppressed the expression of cyclin D3 (but none of the other cyclins) and rendered the cells resistant to TNF-induced apoptosis. Conversely, introduction of the c-myc gene into TNF-resistant, c-Myc- and cyclin D3- deficient HeLa H21 cells resulted in enhanced cyclin D3 expression and TNF killing. When cyclin D3 expression in HeLa cells was altered by sense or antisense cyclin D3 cDNA, there was a concomitant alteration in their susceptibility to TNF-induced apoptosis without any change in c-Myc levels. Overall, our results show that cyclin D3 sensitizes tumor cells to TNF- induced apoptosis and indicate that the expression of c-Myc and expression of cyclin D3 in HeLa and in HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells are closely linked.
Source Title: Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN: 02707306
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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