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Title: Influence of Li-Ion kinetics in the cathodic performance of layered Li(Ni 1/3CO 1/3Mn 1/3)O 2
Authors: Shaju, K.M. 
Rao, G.V.S.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 2004
Source: Shaju, K.M., Rao, G.V.S., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2004). Influence of Li-Ion kinetics in the cathodic performance of layered Li(Ni 1/3CO 1/3Mn 1/3)O 2. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 151 (9) : A1324-A1332. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) at 25 and 50°C and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at 25°C as a function of cell voltage and cycle number were performed on the layered oxide cathode, Li(Ni 1/3Co 1/3Mn 1/3)O 2. The Li-ion diffusion coefficient D Li(GITT) obtained for GITT was stable with a value of ∼3 × 10 -19 cm 2/s in the voltage range, 3.8-4.4 V vs. Li. The D Li(EIS) was higher by an order of magnitude than the D Li(GITT) in the above voltage range. A minimum in the D Li vs. voltage curve was observed at ∼3.7 V coinciding with the voltage-plateau region in the charge-discharge cycling curves, indicating a possible reversible structural phase transition or order-disorder transition in the compound. EIS studies as a function of cycle number show mat the surface film and the bulk contribution to the cell resistances remain stable with cycling. The proportional increase in charge-transfer resistance (R ct) with cycling observed when charged to 50 mAh/g (∼3.7 V) and charged to 4.4 V of the cell indicate the possible influence of phase transition on the charge-transfer kinetics. The variation of D Li derived from GITT and EIS as a function of cell voltage and D Li(EIS) with the cycle number and the kinetic parameters obtained from the impedance plots were correlated with the electrochemical performance. © 2004 The Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
ISSN: 00134651
DOI: 10.1149/1.1775218
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