Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/114319
Title: Effect of 0.5 M NaNO 3: 0.5 M KNO 3 and 0.88 M LiNO 3:0.12 M LiCl molten salts, and heat treatment on electrochemical properties of TiO 2
Authors: Reddy, M.V. 
Valerie Teoh, X.W.
Nguyen, T.B.
Michelle Lim, Y.Y.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Reddy, M.V., Valerie Teoh, X.W., Nguyen, T.B., Michelle Lim, Y.Y., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2012). Effect of 0.5 M NaNO 3: 0.5 M KNO 3 and 0.88 M LiNO 3:0.12 M LiCl molten salts, and heat treatment on electrochemical properties of TiO 2. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 159 (6) : A762-A769. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The compounds, TiO 2-1 -2 were synthesized by 0.5 M NaNO 3: 0.5 M KNO 3 (I) and 0.88 M LiNO 3:0.12 MLiCl (II) salts at 510°C and 280°C, resp., XRD studies show single anatase phase with characteristic tetragonal lattice parameter values of a ∼3.78 Å and c ∼ 9.51 Å. The TEM images show aggregates of 10-30 nm sized nanosquares (TiO 2-1) and spherical particles (TiO 2-2). Surface area of the TiO 2 powders were 74 and 200 m 2 g -1 , resp. for 1 and 2. Upon heat-treatment (TiO 2-2) from 500°C to 850°C, the surface area decreases from 80 to 0.7 m 2 g -1. Cyclic voltammetry studies show cathodic and anodic peaks at ∼1.7 and ∼ 2.0 V, resp. for both bare and heat treated TiO 2 up to 750°C. Galvanostatic cycling studies show that the first discharge-charge capacity values are 244 and 198 (±3) mAh g -1 resp. for TiO 2-1 at a current of 33 mA g -1 in the voltage window, 1.0-2.8 V vs. LiLi +. TiO 2-2 nanoparticles show a less capacity fade during cycling and delivered first discharge-charge capacity values of 340 and 253 (±3) mAh g -1, resp. at a current rate of 33 mA g -1. The effects of heat-treatment and Li-cycling at a cutoff voltage (0.005 V) were studied and discussed reaction mechanism. © 2012 The Electrochemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/114319
ISSN: 00134651
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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