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Title: The contributions of oxytocin and vasopressin pathway genes to human behavior
Authors: Ebstein, R.P.
Knafo, A.
Mankuta, D.
Chew, S.H. 
Lai, P.S.
Keywords: ADP-ribosyl cyclase (CD38)
Arginine receptor 1b receptor (AVPR1b)
Arginine vasopressin 1a receptor (AVPR1a)
LNPEP (oxytocinase)
Oxytocin receptor (OXTR)
Plasma oxytocin
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Citation: Ebstein, R.P., Knafo, A., Mankuta, D., Chew, S.H., Lai, P.S. (2012-03). The contributions of oxytocin and vasopressin pathway genes to human behavior. Hormones and Behavior 61 (3) : 359-379. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OXT) are social hormones and mediate affiliative behaviors in mammals and as recently demonstrated, also in humans. There is intense interest in how these simple nonapeptides mediate normal and abnormal behavior, especially regarding disorders of the social brain such as autism that are characterized by deficits in social communication and social skills. The current review examines in detail the behavioral genetics of the first level of human AVP-OXT pathway genes including arginine vasopressin 1a receptor (. AVPR1a), oxytocin receptor (. OXTR), . AVP (. AVP-neurophysin II [NPII]) and . OXT (. OXT neurophysin I [NPI]), oxytocinase/vasopressinase (. LNPEP), ADP-ribosyl cyclase (. CD38) and arginine vasopressin 1b receptor (. AVPR1b). Wherever possible we discuss evidence from a variety of research tracks including molecular genetics, imaging genomics, pharmacology and endocrinology that support the conclusions drawn from association studies of social phenotypes and detail how common polymorphisms in AVP-OXT pathway genes contribute to the behavioral hard wiring that enables individual . Homo sapiens to interact successfully with conspecifics. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Social Behavior. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Hormones and Behavior
ISSN: 0018506X
DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2011.12.014
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