Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Cosmic rays: Are air crew at risk?|
|Citation:||Lim, M.K. (2002). Cosmic rays: Are air crew at risk?. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 59 (7) : 428-432. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.59.7.428|
|Abstract:||This article reviews the current knowledge about cosmic rays and their possible effects on health of air crew, discusses research directions necessary for establishing and measuring the risks, and highlights the need for physicians and air crew to be informed, despite the inconclusiveness of the evidence. A literature review of computerised medical and scientific databases was carried out. Recent reports highlighting increased incidence of cancer among airline pilots and cabin crew have renewed concerns about possible exposure to harmful levels of cosmic radiation at altitude. Such low energy ionising radiation has been shown to cause double stranded DNA deletions and induce genomic instability in human chromosomes. In the field of microelectronics, cosmic rays have been shown to cause "hard" and "soft" errors in computer microchips, in a dose-response fashion with increasing altitude. Pregnant cabin crew members are of special concern. Although the epidemiological evidence is still inconclusive, we know enough to warrant a cautionary stance. The European Union (EU) leads the way in legislation.|
|Source Title:||Occupational and Environmental Medicine|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
checked on Oct 15, 2018
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Oct 8, 2018
checked on Jul 13, 2018
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.