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Title: Phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells by chemical and mechanical cues of electrospun tecophilic/gelatin nanofibers
Authors: Vatankhah, E.
Prabhakaran, M.P. 
Semnani, D.
Razavi, S.
Zamani, M.
Ramakrishna, S.
Keywords: contractile phenotype
electrospun scaffold
ligand density
Issue Date: 26-Mar-2014
Citation: Vatankhah, E., Prabhakaran, M.P., Semnani, D., Razavi, S., Zamani, M., Ramakrishna, S. (2014-03-26). Phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells by chemical and mechanical cues of electrospun tecophilic/gelatin nanofibers. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 6 (6) : 4089-4101. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The ability of mature smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to modulate their phenotype in response to environmental cues is a critical issue related to vascular diseases. A tissue engineered vascular graft shall promote the contractile phenotype of vascular SMCs. To this aim, Tecophilic/gelatin (TP/gel) was electrospun at different weight ratios of TP/gelatin (100:0, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70), leading to differences in biochemical and mechanical properties of the nanofibers which in turn influenced the phenotype of SMCs. Results indicated that both the substrate with higher ligand density and lower stiffness could enhance SMC contractility and reduce cell proliferation. However, observing the highest SMCs contractility on electrospun TP(70)/gel(30) among the composite scaffolds demonstrated stiffness as the most critical parameter. Due to conflicting effects of softness versus minor fraction of gelatin (reduced ligand density) within TP(70)/gel(30) fibers, a relatively high proliferation of SMCs was still observed on TP(70)/gel(30) scaffold. The surface of TP(70)/gel(30) scaffold was further modified through physical adsorption of gelatin molecules so as to increase the ligand density on its surface, whereby a functional vascular construct that promotes the contractile behavior of SMCs with low cell proliferation was developed. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
ISSN: 19448252
DOI: 10.1021/am405673h
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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