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Title: Quantum phases with differing computational power
Authors: Cui, J.
Gu, M.
Kwek, L.C. 
Santos, M.F.
Fan, H.
Vedral, V. 
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Cui, J., Gu, M., Kwek, L.C., Santos, M.F., Fan, H., Vedral, V. (2012). Quantum phases with differing computational power. Nature Communications 3 : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The observation that concepts from quantum information has generated many alternative indicators of quantum phase transitions hints that quantum phase transitions possess operational significance with respect to the processing of quantum information. Yet, studies on whether such transitions lead to quantum phases that differ in their capacity to process information remain limited. Here we show that there exist quantum phase transitions that cause a distinct qualitative change in our ability to simulate certain quantum systems under perturbation of an external field by local operations and classical communication. In particular, we show that in certain quantum phases of the XY model, adiabatic perturbations of the external magnetic field can be simulated by local spin operations, whereas the resulting effect within other phases results in coherent non-local interactions. We discuss the potential implications to adiabatic quantum computation, where a computational advantage exists only when adiabatic perturbation results in coherent multi-body interactions. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Nature Communications
ISSN: 20411723
DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1809
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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