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Title: High affinity human antibody fragments to dengue virus non-structural protein 3
Authors: Moreland, N.J.
Tay, M.Y.F.
Lim, E.
Paradkar, P.N.
Doan, D.N.P.
Yau, Y.H.
Shochat, S.G.
Vasudevan, S.G. 
Issue Date: Nov-2010
Citation: Moreland, N.J., Tay, M.Y.F., Lim, E., Paradkar, P.N., Doan, D.N.P., Yau, Y.H., Shochat, S.G., Vasudevan, S.G. (2010-11). High affinity human antibody fragments to dengue virus non-structural protein 3. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 4 (11) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: The enzyme activities catalysed by flavivirus non-structural protein 3 (NS3) are essential for virus replication. They are distributed between the N-terminal protease domain in the first one-third and the C-terminal ATPase/helicase and nucleoside 59 triphosphatase domain which forms the remainder of the 618-aa long protein. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, dengue full-length NS3 protein with residues 49 to 66 of NS2B covalently attached via a flexible linker, was used as bait in biopanning with a nai{dotless}̈ve human Fab phage-display library. Using a range of truncated constructs spanning the NS2B cofactor region and the full-length NS3, 10 unique Fab were identified and characterized. Of these, monoclonal Fab 3F8 was shown to bind residues 526 through 531 within subdomain III of the helicase domain. The antibody inhibits the ATPase and helicase activites of NS3 in biochemical assays and reduces DENV replication in HEK293 cells that were previously transfected with Fab 3F8 compared with mock transfected cells. Conclusions/Significance: Antibodies such as 3F8 are valuable tools for studying the molecular mechanisms of flaviviral replication and for the monospecific detection of replicating dengue virus in vivo. © 2010 Moreland et al.
Source Title: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000881
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