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Title: Proteomics discovery of biomarkers for mitral regurgitation caused by mitral valve prolapse
Authors: Tan, H.T. 
Ling, L.H.
Dolor-Torres, M.C.
Yip, J.W.L.
Richards, A.M.
Chung, M.C.M.
Keywords: Biomarkers
Complement component C4b
Mitral regurgitation
Mitral valve prolapse
Platelet basic protein
Issue Date: 6-Dec-2013
Source: Tan, H.T., Ling, L.H., Dolor-Torres, M.C., Yip, J.W.L., Richards, A.M., Chung, M.C.M. (2013-12-06). Proteomics discovery of biomarkers for mitral regurgitation caused by mitral valve prolapse. Journal of Proteomics 94 : 337-345. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common valvular lesion frequently caused by mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Surgical intervention in MVP patients with significant MR is predicated on symptoms and measures of left ventricular dysfunction. Because these indicators may be subjective or imprecise, serological biomarkers of disease could be a valuable adjunct to standard evaluation. This study aimed to identify such biomarkers by a proteomics approach. Two pooled plasma samples from 24 MVP subjects with MR (MVP/MR) and 24 non-MVP individuals were treated with the combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) beads prior to iTRAQ labeling and ESI-MS/MS. Lower levels of haptoglobin, platelet basic protein (PBP), and complement component C4b were observed in the MVP/MR as compared to the control sample. These findings were verified by ELISA testing of each of the 24 paired samples, and another 42 matched cases and controls. The AUC values, sensitivities and specificities for (i) haptoglobin, (ii) PBP, (iii) C4b, and (iv) all 3 proteins in combination were (i) 0.813, 76%, 74%; (ii) 0.721, 56%, 77%; (iii) 0.689, 83%, 49%; and (iv) 0.840, 89%, 67%, respectively. In conclusion, haptoglobin, PBP, and C4b are down-regulated in MVP/MR. Their value as serological biomarkers of valvular pathology should be further explored. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Proteomics
ISSN: 18743919
DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.10.009
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