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|Title:||Risk factors for strabismus and amblyopia in young Singapore Chinese children|
|Citation:||Chia, A., Lin, X., Dirani, M., Gazzard, G., Ramamurthy, D., Quah, B.-L., Chang, B., Ling, Y., Leo, S.-W., Wong, T.-Y., Saw, S.-M. (2013-06). Risk factors for strabismus and amblyopia in young Singapore Chinese children. Ophthalmic Epidemiology 20 (3) : 138-147. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3109/09286586.2013.767354|
|Abstract:||Purpose: To determine the risk factors for strabismus and amblyopia in young Singapore Chinese children. Methods: A total of 3009 children were recruited for the population-based cross-sectional Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Preschoolers Study (STARS). Strabismus was defined as any tropia identified on cover test. Visual acuity was measured in children aged 30-72 months with a logMAR chart where possible and the Sheridan-Gardiner test if not. Amblyopia was defined based on visual acuity and refractive error or presence of strabismus or past/present visual axis obstruction. Parents completed questionnaires on family, prenatal and birth histories. Results: Our study showed that 24 children aged 6-72 months (1.2%) had strabismus (20 with exotropia), and 20 children aged 30-72 months (0.8%) were amblyopic. After multivariate analysis, strabismus was associated with astigmatism 1.00 diopter (D; p=0.03), amblyopia (p=0.003), a sibling with strabismus (p|
|Source Title:||Ophthalmic Epidemiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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