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Title: Establishing a toolkit for precursor-directed polyketide biosynthesis: Exploring substrate promiscuities of acid-CoA ligases
Authors: Go, M.K.
Chow, J.Y.
Cheung, V.W.N.
Lim, Y.P. 
Yew, W.S.
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2012
Source: Go, M.K., Chow, J.Y., Cheung, V.W.N., Lim, Y.P., Yew, W.S. (2012-06-05). Establishing a toolkit for precursor-directed polyketide biosynthesis: Exploring substrate promiscuities of acid-CoA ligases. Biochemistry 51 (22) : 4568-4579. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Polyketides are chemically diverse and medicinally important biochemicals that are biosynthesized from acyl-CoA precursors by polyketide synthases. One of the limitations to combinatorial biosynthesis of polyketides has been the lack of a toolkit that describes the means of delivering novel acyl-CoA precursors necessary for polyketide biosynthesis. Using five acid-CoA ligases obtained from various plants and microorganisms, we biosynthesized an initial library of 79 acyl-CoA thioesters by screening each of the acid-CoA ligases against a library of 123 carboxylic acids. The library of acyl-CoA thioesters includes derivatives of cinnamyl-CoA, 3-phenylpropanoyl-CoA, benzoyl-CoA, phenylacetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA, saturated and unsaturated aliphatic CoA thioesters, and bicyclic aromatic CoA thioesters. In our search for the biosynthetic routes of novel acyl-CoA precursors, we discovered two previously unreported malonyl-CoA derivatives (3-thiophenemalonyl-CoA and phenylmalonyl-CoA) that cannot be produced by canonical malonyl-CoA synthetases. This report highlights the utility and importance of determining substrate promiscuities beyond conventional substrate pools and describes novel enzymatic routes for the establishment of precursor-directed combinatorial polyketide biosynthesis. (Chemical Presented). © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Biochemistry
ISSN: 00062960
DOI: 10.1021/bi300425j
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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