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|Title:||Chronic all-trans retinoic acid treatment prevents medial thickening of intramyocardial and intrarenal arteries in spontaneously hypertensive rats|
|Source:||Lü, L.,Yao, T.,Zhu, Y.-Z.,Huang, G.-Y.,Cao, Y.-X.,Zhu, Y.-C. (2003-10-01). Chronic all-trans retinoic acid treatment prevents medial thickening of intramyocardial and intrarenal arteries in spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology 285 (4 54-4) : H1370-H1377. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||There are in vitro data linking all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) with inhibition of hypertrophy and hyperplasia in cardiomyocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that chronic treatment with atRA may blunt the process of myocardial remodeling in spontanously hypertensive rats (SHR). Four-week-old male SHR were treated with atRA (5 or 10 mg·kg -1·day -1) given daily for 3 mo by gavage; age- and sex-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and placebo-treated SHR served as controls. At the end of the treatment period, cardiac geometry and function were assessed by Doppler echocardiography. Histological examination and RIA were performed to evaluate medial thickening of intramyocardial and renal arteries, perivascular and interstitial collagen content, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and IGF-I in the heart, respectively. The novel finding of the present study is that atRA prevented hypertrophy of intramyocardial and intrarenal arteries and ventricular fibrosis. However, atRA treatment did not lower blood pressure or left ventricular weight and left ventricular weight-to-body weight ratio in SHR. atRA did not change cardiac geometry and function as assessed by Doppler echocardiography. atRA showed no influence on either ANP or IGF-I levels. In conclusion, the present study suggests that chronic atRA treatment prevents medial thickening of intramyocardial and intrarenal arteries and ventricular fibrosis during the development of hypertension. Left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac geometry and function are not changed by atRA treatment.|
|Source Title:||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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