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|Title:||Modulation of cisplatin cytotoxicity and cisplatin-induced DNA cross-links in HepG2 cells by regulation of glutathionerelated mechanisms|
|Citation:||Zhang, K.,Chew, M.,Yang, E.B.,Wong, K.P.,Mack, P. (2001). Modulation of cisplatin cytotoxicity and cisplatin-induced DNA cross-links in HepG2 cells by regulation of glutathionerelated mechanisms. Molecular Pharmacology 59 (4) : 837-843. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Glutathione (GSH), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and glutathione conjugate export pump (GS-X pump) have been shown to participate collectively in the detoxification of many anticancer drugs, including cisplatin. Identification and regulation of the rate-limiting step in the overall system for cisplatin detoxification is of crucial importance for sensitization of human tumor cells to cisplatin. In this study, the GSH content, GST activity, and GS-X pump activity were regulated separately to examine effects of the regulation on cisplatin cytotoxicity and cisplatin-induced DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL) in HepG2 cells. Seventy-percent depletion of GSH by buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and 50% increase of GSH by monoethyl GSH ester (GSHe) potentiated and decreased cisplatin cytotoxicity, respectively. This was reflected by a significant decrease and increase of their respective IC 50 values by 62 and 107%. Cisplatin-induced ICL was also potentiated by depletion of GSH by BSO and decreased by enrichment of GSH by GSHe, as shown by a 125% increase and a 34% decrease of cross-linked DNA compared with control samples exposed to cisplatin alone (p = 0.008 and 0.03, respectively). On the other hand, inhibition of GST and GS-X pump by ethacrynic acid, quercetin, tannic acid, and indomethacin at concentrations that inhibited activities of GST and GS-X pump by more than 50% had no significant effects on cisplatin cytotoxicity and cisplatin-induced DNA ICL in these cells. The results showed that of the parameters measured, intracellular GSH seems to be the rate-limiting factor, and its regulation would provide a more promising strategy for sensitization of human liver tumor cells to cisplatin.|
|Source Title:||Molecular Pharmacology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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