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Title: Continuous POMDPs for Robotic Tasks
Authors: BAI HAOYU
Keywords: robotics, control, motion planning, probabilistic modeling, POMDP, Markov decision process
Issue Date: 20-May-2014
Citation: BAI HAOYU (2014-05-20). Continuous POMDPs for Robotic Tasks. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Planning under uncertain and dynamic environments is an essential capability for autonomous robots. Partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) provide a general framework for solving such problems and have been applied to different robotic tasks such as manipulation with robot hands, self-driving car navigation, and unmanned aircraft collision avoidance. While there is dramatic progress in solving discrete POMDPs, progress on continuous POMDPs has been limited. However, it is often much more natural to model robotic tasks in a continuous space. <br/> We developed several algorithms that enable POMDP planning with continuous states, continuous observations as well as continuous unknown model parameters. These algorithms have been applied to different robotic tasks such as unmanned aircraft collision avoidance and autonomous vehicle navigation. Experimental results for these robotic tasks demonstrated the benefits of probabilistic planning with continuous models: continuous models are simpler to construct and provide more accurate description of the robot system; our continuous planning algorithms are general for a broad class of tasks, scale to more difficult problems and often results in improved performance comparing with discrete planning. Therefore, these algorithmic and modeling techniques are powerful tools for robotic planning under uncertainty. These tools are necessary for building more intelligent and reliable robots and would eventually lead to wider application of robotic technology.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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