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Title: Mechanochemically synthesized lead magnesium niobate
Authors: Wang, J. 
Junmin, X. 
Dongmei, W. 
Weibeng, N.
Issue Date: 1999
Source: Wang, J.,Junmin, X.,Dongmei, W.,Weibeng, N. (1999). Mechanochemically synthesized lead magnesium niobate. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 82 (5) : 1358-1360. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Lead magnesium niobate (PMN) of high sintered density has been successfully prepared by a mechanochemical fabrication technique from mixed oxides of PbO, MgO, and Nb 2O 5. The novel technique skips the phase-forming calcination steps at intermediate temperatures that are almost always required in the most widely employed columbite method. The solid-state reactions among constituent oxides are activated by mechanical energy instead of calcination at elevated temperatures. Nanosized PMN particles of perovskite structure with a minimized degree of particle agglomeration were formed when the oxide mixture was mechanically activated for 20 h. The resulting PMN powder was sintered to a density of ∼99% theoretical density at 1050°C for 1 h. The sintered PMN exhibited a peak dielectric constant of 18 080 at a frequency of 100 Hz at -11°C.
Source Title: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
ISSN: 00027820
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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